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Working with spruce roots, beach grass, and the inner bark of cedar trees, women chose materials to match a basket's use. Baskets were made for cooking, collecting, and storage. Basketry was also used to create many other items, such as drinking cups, baby carriers, and clothing.
In the spring and summer months, cedar bark was pulled lengthwise from standing trees after making side cuts and prying the bark loose with a stone bark stripper. Once the outer bark was removed, the pliable inner bark was wound into bundles for later weaving. In addition to baskets, cedar bark was also woven into capes, skirts, hats, and other clothing, as well as mats. Cedar bark mats had many uses, and were made in many sizes to fit the use. Food was served on small mats, and larger mats covered floors and divided sections of the clan house. Canoes were equipped with square sails made of woven cedar bark.